this EEI (extended experimental investigation) has discussed the aim of the experiment, the method and the results of the experiment, also the errors of the investigation that will be made sure that the same errors will not be made in future experiments. Repeat step 5 and 6 for 2M, 1.5M, 1M, and 0.5M HCL and keep all the acids ready on the working bench. The student’s observations are recorded in the table. How will the magnesium ribbon react to the hydrochloric acid? The reaction of magnesium metal with concentrated hydrochloric acid produces hydrogen gas, in a “single-displacement” reaction, due to the fact that magnesium is more chemically active than hydrogen. Metals that react with oxygen produce oxides as their products. Your teacher will demonstrate the reaction between magnesium and hydrochloric acid, while you make observations. Clark (2002) explains that, finely divided chemical solids have greater surface area than chemical solids in lumps. the reaction between magnesium and hydrochloric acid will be effected if we change the concentration of hydrochloric acid. THE EFFECT OF SURFACE AREA ON REACTION RATES. Similarly, the duration of reaction will be determined using equivalent weights of powdered Magnesium metal. Temperature can have many chemical reactions on experiments or natural substances. It is located and used in many ways for example it is contain in toilet cleaners and used for clean the toilet. The same steps happened with the other temperatures, which were 60 C, 40 C, the room temperature (22 C) and the ice bath (6 C). Pick one piece of Magnesium ribbon drop in the first prepared acid in the conical flask and immediately start your stopwatch. To measure, the effect of each of above factors, one has to hold some factors constant during rate reaction experimentation. Before anything was started, the whole method was reread and memorised so there was an understanding of the experiment. (“Temperature.” Dictionary.com. For the 10 cm magnesium metal used, there was slight variation in weight. The balloon will expand to the same Therefore, the errors were unidirectional therefore consistent. previous 1 Explain the reason for your prediction. The chemical reaction between magnesium and hydrochloric acid produces magnesium chloride and hydrogen. Temperature influences the rates of reaction through kinetic energy, such that high temperatures increase the kinetic energy of reacting molecules therefore causing frequent collisions, which form products faster. Secondly, for safety precaution, magnesium ribbon is a flammable solid. During this experiment it was just expected in the hypothesis as the temperature went lower the slower the reaction time, that was also the only pattern noticed in the experiment. This is an exothermic reaction, meaning that the forming of the bonds MgCl2 and H2 gives off heat. These include the presence or absence of catalyst, temperature, concentration, and surface area of reactants. Student answers will vary. “h Pour 10 cm 3 into each test tube and put each of your different lengths of magnesium into each test tube. The more active an element, the more inclined it is to react with other elements and to displace less active elements in … This will reduce reaction errors related to impurities. Record your observations. Reaction of Magnesium with Hydrochloric Acid OUTCOMES After completing this experiment, the student should be able to: develop a procedure for generating and measuring a gas in a reaction. We're here to answer any questions you have about our services. One strip of magnesium is placed in a test tube containing 5 mL of water, and the other strip is placed in a test tube containing 5 mL of hydrochloric acid, HCl. Magnesium isn’t just used for entertainment it is also a key nutrient for health. Beryllium and magnesium These are just like the reactions with dilute hydrochloric acid, and you have probably been familiar with the reaction between magnesium and dilute sulphuric acid almost since you started doing chemistry. 2. Add the magnesium strip to each boiling tube – ensuring that the Mg is fully immersed in the acid, allow the reaction to proceed for 10 seconds and record your observations. Importantly, suitable acid-base indicators can be used to detect the end of the reaction accurately. 2. Chemistry for higher tier: New coordinated science. First, repair your working bench by simply removing unnecessary materials. Q. Hi, I was wondering if you could help me with my chemistry experiment, I have conducted an experiment in which I react magnesium ribbon with hydrochloric acid. Due to the human body it is important to a normal bone structure, magnesium is essential to disease prevention, low magnesium levels have been linked to some diseases such as osteoporosis, high blood pressure, diabetes, stroke, clogged arteries and heart disease. The experiment was very successful besides at one point in the experiment were the hydrochloric acid strengths were mixed up instead of using 1 molecules we use 0.1 molecule for at least 2 tests. These include the presence or absence of catalyst, temperature, concentration, and surface area of reactants. Table 2. The ratio of the cumulative reaction duration above gives 104.8 sec/58.8 sec = 1.78. Plan an experiment to investigate the effect of decreasing the temperature on the rate of this reaction by measuring the volume of hydrogen produced. *You can also browse our support articles here >. Bubbles of hydrogen are formed, together with colourless solutions of beryllium or magnesium sulphate. Hydrochloric acid (HCL) is a strong, colorless mineral acid used with many purposes. It is single replacement because the element magnesium is "replacing" the hydrogen in hydrochloric acid. The balanced chemical equation for this reaction is Mg (s) + 2 HCl (aq) produces MgCl 2 (aq) + H 2 (g), where the letter "s" stands for solid, "g" is gas and "aq" represents an aqueous solution. Monitor the reaction progress closely and stop your running stopwatch when the Magnesium ribbon completely dissolves in the acid and record the reaction duration in seconds in a data sheet. Record your observations. The magnesium ribbon is a bright, shiny, silvery metal. This is a low significance error since we based mostly on the disappearance of magnesium into the acid rather than disappearance gas bubbles. The balanced chemical equation for this reaction is 2HCL(aq) + Mg(s) produces MgCl2(aq) +H2(g), where the subscripts refer to the substance's form, such as aq stands for aqueous, g is a gas, and s is a … During the reaction, the water bath in the gas delivery system showed gas bubbles ascending to the gas cylinder. The quantity of Magnesium metal used will be held constant by way of using equal lengths of Magnesium ribbons and equivalent weights (in grams) of powdered Magnesium metal.All the reaction will be carried out under a constant temperature (room temperature of 25. Magnesium reacts with hydrochloric acid according to the equation: Mg (s) + 2 HCl (aq) --> MgCl2(aq) + H2(g) This demonstration can be used to illustrate the characteristic reaction of metals with acid, a single replacement reaction, or to demonstrate the generation of hydrogen gas. The duration of reactions were recorded as shown in tables 2 and 3 below. 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