11 stycznia 2021

otter reintroduction uk

With the agreement of the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA) and Natural England, the Devon Wildlife Trust (DWT) www.devonwildlifetrust.org and the major landowner Clinton Devon Estates (CDE), a five year River Otter Beaver Trial (ROBT) began in 2015. This fantastic report outlines the findings of the research programme. The Kentish otters herald a remarkable – if slow – renaissance for the sleek, fish-devouring member of the mustelid family, which declined by 95% of its range in western Europe during the 20th century. However, Phil Jarvis, chair of the environment forum at the National Farmers’ Union, warned that farmers would want to see an “exit strategy”, as well as adequate funding and a long-term management plan, before any expansion. Aricle's organizations: wildlife service. In England and Wales otter cubs, usually in litters of two or three, can be born at any time of the year. “Beavers can have a significant local impact on the countryside and farming; from creating dams that can undermine riverbanks, to impeding farmland drainage with waterlogged fields becoming unsuitable for grazing and cropping; all lead to serious implications on our ability to produce food,” he said. "We just don't have the data [on population increases]," she said. PORTLAND, Ore. President Donald Trump on Wednesday signed this year’s federal budget, which includes a directive to study sea otter reintroduction in the Pacific Northwest. The otter Lutra lutra is a semi-aquatic mammal, which occurs in a wide range of ecological conditions, including inland freshwater and coastal areas (particularly in Scotland). They were threatened with removal, but the Devon Wildlife Trust and community groups stepped in and tried to show the beavers were European, rather than north American, and eventually gained a licence for a five-year trial, which was extended in February to conclude this month. • This article was amended on 6 August 2020 to clarify in the first paragraph that the beaver colony discussed is the first to live wild in England for hundreds of years, not the UK. Philip Wayre was a British animal addict who intended to breed the European otter in captivity, until conditions were right and it could be reintroduced to the wild. The angler John Wilson recently called the otter "a wanton killer" and some fishing groups have called for a cull. Terry Nutkins, the naturalist and friend of Gavin Maxwell, author of Ring of Bright Water, said he was "absolutely overjoyed" by the return of the otter across England. Our aim is to restore healthy populations of wild cranes throughout the UK, so that people can once again experience these beautiful birds. We will continue our work to improve habitats for these magnificent animals and to promote the otter as a flagship species of healthy wetland ecosystems. – but our river systems still require extensive habitat management to restore them to a healthy level that can sustain fish stocks and wildlife. The beavers started out as interlopers, when a family group were found to be living on the River Otter in 2013, their origins unknown. A survey of members and supporters of the Game and Wildlife Conservation Trust on lynx reintroduction received 4,500 replies, of which 68% were in favour. The government said on Thursday it would consult later this year on the possibility of further reintroductions, and a national approach to the issue. Otters are also sometimes caught in crayfish traps. Rebecca Pow, environment minister, said: “We are firmly committed to providing opportunities to reintroduce formerly native species, such as beavers, where the benefits for the environment, people and the economy are clear. Meanwhile, in Wales, there is also a plan to conduct a beaver reintroduction … “We must see a well-thought through exit strategy if any major issues occur.”. Devon Wildlife Trust's report looks at the River Otter Beaver Trial - a 5-year trial reintroduction of Eurasian beavers into the wild in south east Devon. No more releases in the wild will be allowed until the consultation is complete. In Shetland and North-west Scotland most births occur in summer. Otters have reappeared in places where they have not been seen since the industrial revolution, including Bristol, Birmingham and Manchester, … The government gave permission on Thursday for the reestablished colony to remain in the area, the first wild breeding of beavers in 400 years and the first legally sanctioned reintroduction of an extinct native mammal to England. In England the River Otter Beaver Trial (ROBT) is the only licenced population of free-living beavers, although other groups of beavers exist in the wild, as a result of escapes. ulation of unknown origin has been licensed for a reintroduction trial in Devon (Natural England, 2015) alongside a number of fenced projects, and the UK government has included reference to “providing opportunities for reintroduction of species such as beavers” in its 25‐year environmental plan (for England) (HM Government, 2018, p. 57). It began with two family groups of beavers in 2015 which have now bred and dispersed throughout the catchment. The resurgence of the otter, which is top of the food chain in river environments, is an indicator that English rivers are at their healthiest for more than 20 years, according to the Environment Agency. The first beavers to live wild in England for centuries are to be allowed to remain in their new home on the River Otter in east Devon after a five-year reintroduction trial.. “If landowners know there’s someone they can pick up the phone to, it really helps,” Burgess said. The Great Crane Project is a partnership between the Wildfowl & Wetlands Trust, RSPB and Pensthorpe Conservation Trust, with major funding from Viridor Credits Environmental Company. All rights reserved. Welcome to the UK Wild Otter Trust! Reproduction. The trial clearly proves the benefits of nature-based solutions to dealing with flooding, water quality and resilience to climate change. The International Otter Survival Fund (IOSF) is one of the world's leading otter charities. The ROBT is led by Devon Wildlife Trust, working with Exeter University, and the beavers … In recent years, the two biggest known barbel in Britain are believed to have been predated by otters – both from rivers, The Great Ouse and Ivel, where the mammals have only recently returned. Beavers alter the landscape and ecosystems in and around waterways, with their dam-building helping to reduce pollution and boosting local wildlife populations, including fish and amphibians, according to a study from Exeter University. "They are such a beautiful species of the weasel family and part of our heritage," he said. Return of otter shows English rivers are healthiest for 20 years, says Environment Agency, Otters have returned to every county in England in a turnaround of their fortunes which once saw them on the brink of extinction. The dams also filter out pollutants and stop topsoil being washed away. Cubs are usually born in a holt in a bank, or between rocks or tree roots. Some conservationists warn that sightings of otters in new habitats may reflect otters roaming more widely in search of food rather than a big increase in numbers. In 2018 beavers were observed moving into new areas and creating dams to form wetland habitat. “We hope to see more such welcome projects introduced by government as part of flooding, water and climate planning.”. jeff merkley. Beaver Reintroduction In The United Kingdom: A Success Or Failure? © 2021 Guardian News & Media Limited or its affiliated companies. It has been a long and perilous journey, but otters have finally managed to swim back from the brink of extinction and into every county in England. ", A spokesperson for The Wildlife Trusts said: "This is fantastic news. The project is set to end in 2020 and the results of the trial will decide the fate of these bucked-toothed creatures in England. They leave the protection of their mothers at 10 – 12 months and can breed at 2 years old. "It's good news and shows that the rivers are clean and there are more people becoming involved with environmental issues. Otters are slow to reproduce and most mothers only bear two sets of cubs in their lifetime. In the UK IOSF is the only charity solely dedicated to the conservation, protection and care of otters based on years of scientific research in the UK and around the world. Otters have also benefited from reductions in the volume of water extracted from rivers by water companies, farmers and industry. We are a Devon-based charity dedicated to protecting and promoting a positive understanding of the European otter and its conservation.We want everyone to be able to engage with and appreciate these beautiful animals, and we work hard to raise awareness, educate, and share information in as many ways as possible! However, otter populations in England are very fragmented and the animals breed slowly. Devon Wildlife Trust is seeking to use the small wild and breeding population now living on the River Otter as an opportunity to study these impacts in a real life lowland British landscape. There were several incidents of localised flooding of farmland, when the landowners were concerned, but by providing expert support the reintroduction team were able to resolve the problems. Newborns are only about 12cm long but grow quickly and can swim at three months. bob bailey. The reintroduction will be the first made by the conservation charity, with the aim of helping with flood management and improving biodiversity. It's the first legally sanctioned reintroduction of an extinct native mammal to England. Mating occurs at any time of the year and females give birth to 2 – 3 cubs, usually between May and August. beaver (Castor fiber) reintroduction in the River Otter Beaver Trial Roger Edward Auster , Stewart Barr and Richard Brazier Geography Department, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK (Received 24 February 2020; final version received 26 August 2020) Eurasian beaver (Castor fiber) reintroduction … ... Bavarian beavers discovered in the river Otter are now part of the trial. The trial is the first formal reintroduction of a mammal to take place in the UK. The otter’s droppings are known as spraint and otters use them to mark their territories How to recognise In the UK otters can only really be confused with the introduced American mink, but otters are much larger (95-130cm in length, including tail), with a distinctive white throat. How is the UK Wild Otter Trust (UKWOT) helping? 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