In other words, neutering does not only hinder the overpopulation problem of dogs but they also improve the dogs’ life. Most of the following statistics come from a 10-year study at the University of California (Davis) Veterinary Teaching Hospital. Intact males often pay too much attention to other dogs, as they may be on the lookout for potential mates and rivals. So it is very important for you to provide your dog with regular exercise and the proper portion of food. It does not guarantee a change in behavior. Neutering can reduce these behaviors because it changes the urge to mate. Neutering helps re-focus your dog's attention. Enlarged prostate occurs in 80% of intact male dogs past the age of five. Many dogs have learned behaviors that go beyond basic hormones. 2. A study of over 40,000 dogs found that ‘neutered male and female dogs were more likely to die from cancer than intact dogs.’ Hoffman JM, Creevy KE, Promislow DEL, 2013. The dog is taken to a veterinarian, who will then remove the dog’s testicles using strict sterile techniques. Some dogs may have learned to lift their leg to spray, so they’ll keep doing that after they are neutered. Think Your Veterinarian Is Good? Your dog’s metabolism will slow down after they are spayed or neutered. Neutering Your Dog: 3 Pros and 3 Cons (male dogs) 1 PRO of neutering your dog: Reduction of “Male” Behavior 2 PRO of neutering your dog: Better Prostate Health Less than 5% are serious, and the death rate is less than 1%. 11 Variable Universal Life Insurance Pros and Cons, 18 Major Advantages and Disadvantages of the Payback Period, 20 Advantages and Disadvantages of Leasing a Car, 19 Advantages and Disadvantages of Debt Financing, 24 Key Advantages and Disadvantages of a C Corporation, 16 Biggest Advantages and Disadvantages of Mediation, 18 Advantages and Disadvantages of a Gated Community, 17 Big Advantages and Disadvantages of Focus Groups, 17 Key Advantages and Disadvantages of Corporate Bonds, 19 Major Advantages and Disadvantages of Annuities, 17 Biggest Advantages and Disadvantages of Advertising. Affected dogs have difficulty with urination or bowel movements. Dogs that are neutered no longer have the risk of suffering from testicular cancer, a common form of cancer in dogs, later in life. Neutering puts an end to all that. It affects the maturation process. Neutering, you see, changes a dog's hormonal make-up and metabolism so he doesn't require as much food. It could change the texture of the dog’s coat. There are 6 questions you should ask and 6 answers you want to hear to make sure your dog will be as safe as possible during the surgery. Neutering pros and cons - the reasons for and against neutering. If you have a male dog, even a puppy this is a question you may have already asked yourself. It could affect the overall health of your pet for years to come. Neutering reduces the risk of your dog being attacked by other male dogs. It increases several different health risks for the dog. That is why this procedure should be discussed with your veterinarian before a final decision is made. Some dogs can become more aggressive after being neutered. If he has any of those behavior problems, I would increase his exercise and begin Respect Training immediately. It depends on his size or breed, which is completely covered in my dog care book. The potential for … An intact male can become very agitated – whining, pacing, sometimes escaping his house or yard. The neutering process takes that option away. 3. If you breed your male dog, his puppies would take homes away from the poor dogs who are already here. About 7% of intact males develop a testicular tumor. Copyright © 2000-2020 by Michele Welton. A dog who is NOT neutered is also called intact. 2a. Is he aggressive toward people or other dogs? Pros and Cons of Neutering Male Dogs. It was once thought that neutering a dog cuts the risk of prostatic cancer. Since retained testicles can develop cancer, neutering is a must. A female in heat gives off chemicals that can be scented from a mile away. The procedure has many benefits, including taming unwanted traits, behaviors, minimizing the risk of certain diseases, and reducing conflicts among dogs. 4. In the case of not neutering the dog, the organ will become gradually enlarged (as the dog grows). But other causes of dominance and aggression still need to be addressed through Respect Training. They still like to get outside to explore, but the purpose is different. Although it doesn’t happen often, there is a small risk that the neutering procedure could cause urinary incontinence for the dog. Pros of Spaying Dogs 1. Now, neutering isn't a cure-all, because testosterone is also produced elsewhere in the body, not only in the testicles. 5. Does your dog interact with a lot of other dogs? If your dog is a year old and still has one or both testicles tucked up inside his body (called cryptorchidism), the retained testicle is 14 times as likely to develop a tumor compared to a descended testicle. To neuter or not to neuter; this is a question that most pet parents struggle with. Now, these behaviors can also occur in neutered dogs and can stem from over-excitement, lack of exercise, attempts to show dominance, or the dog simply not being taught that these behaviors are unacceptable. It stabilizes the mood of the dog. Some male dogs can be overly aggressive, especially when other male dogs are encountered. It's a big responsibility to own an intact male dog. If you neuter at that time, the prostate will shrink quickly and the problems will resolve. Dogs that are not neutered will have the urge to run away from their home if they sense a dog in heat somewhere in their neighborhood. Other common issues, such as infections or cysts, are reduces as well. There can be fewer spraying issues around the house as well. This is normal. 2. Hemangiosarcoma is much more common in certain breeds, especially the Afghan Hound, Belgian Shepherds, Bernese Mountain Dog, Bouvier des Flandres, Boston Terrier, Boxer, Bulldog, Doberman Pinscher, English Setter, Flat Coated Retriever, French Bulldog, German Shepherd, Golden Retriever, Greater Swiss Mtn Dog, Labrador Retriever, Rhodesian Ridgeback, Rottweiler, Saluki, Scottish Terrier, Skye Terrier, and Vizsla. If you're going to neuter, don't do it before your dog's reproductive hormones have had time to do their valuable work. Neutering is a form of surgical sterilization for male dogs. What if your male dog passed along genes for a health problem? Neutering reduces mounting in 67 percent of males. All three terms refer to removal of the testicles so your male can't breed or sire puppies. Some dogs may even experience an increased risk of suffering from an adverse reaction when given a vaccination. A cryptorchid dog should definitely be neutered. 1. Neutering dogs is a big decision and many people wonder if neutering calms a dog down or if male dogs change after being neutered. The dog population in the United States is out of control. You can see this with behaviors that include leg humping and mounting other dogs of either gender. Sometimes it's easier to train your puppy (or adult dog) when you can see the correct training techniques in action. Prevention of unwanted pregnancy Spaying and neutering helps your dog from getting pregnant. Neutering a male dog usually decreases the incidence of urinary marking. The goal is to have fun more than it is to find a mate or expand personal borders. As the dog ages, the focus on diet and exercise must increase as the dog will want to eat the same amount while wanting to exercise less. Neutering is a surgical procedure that is used to sterilize a male dog — it can also be used to sterilize female dogs. Your dog's reproductive hormones help his bones and joints develop properly. All rights reserved. But if they have never dropped by a year of age, they're probably not going to. Check all benefits and risks. Pros and Cons to Neutering with Regards to the Prostate. You must be extra careful to keep him away from unspayed females. Home > Dog Health & Feeding > Neutering Your Male Dog, By Michele Welton, Dog Trainer, Breed Selection Consultant, Author of 15 Dog Books. Intact dogs are less likely to suffer this disease because the reproductive hormones are thought to help protect the brain. If you are talking to a breeder or a trainer, he or she will recommend that you get your dog neutered at about 14 months of age. It is extremely difficult to treat. Owners often request neutering to prevent behavioural problems, especially in male dogs. They will guard it against any “unfriendly” visitor. It reduces the risk of prostate and cancer problems. Does he pay more attention to other dogs than to you. Fortunately, most complications are minor. Absolutely necessary? I recommend these dog training videos that are based on respect and leadership. All positives.... no negatives? In fact, a neutered dog is four to six times more likely to develop prostatic cancer. That means the desire to roam and expand territory is reduced. May help with certain behavior issues. Neutering overall reduced or eliminated behavioral problems with 74 percent of the male dogs showing improvement according to a study by Heidenberger and Unshelm. Although there may be changes to the maturation process afterward, for some dogs, the benefits here outweigh the potential disadvantages which may occur later on in life. Neutered dogs become overweight when owners feed the same amount of food as before their dog was neutered. Every day dogs are put to sleep because there are not enough homes for them. And when is that? Even if your dog isn't aggressive himself, being intact makes him a target for other intact males who might see him as a potential rival. The neutering process reduces these behaviors. Less testosterone is present, which means there is less of a desire to mark territory. If you decide to not neuter your dog, please prevent him from breeding. We often think of “neutering” as a term that only applies to male dogs, but the truth is that either sex of a dog can be neutered. List of the Pros of Neutering Dogs 1. As well, a neutered dog is less likely to mark territory, … Is your dog a German Shepherd, Irish Setter, or Leonberger? In a puppy, it's not uncommon for them to go up and down for some months. If so, you should definitely neuter him. Some dogs may benefit from being neutered later in life. In addition, a neutered dog won’t develop prostate problems. Here's How To Tell. Neutering at the wrong age can have unwanted consequences for the rest of your dog's life. Neutering may help stop some of the leg lifting that most male dogs do. A dog who is allowed to breed must first be tested and cleared of certain health problems known to be hereditary. Apparently the reproductive hormones (testosterone) offer some protection against this cancer. Other reasons for castrating male dogs or spaying females are more about the owner rather than the dog. 6. This will make you dog easier to deal with, and it’s especially important if you have children at home. The goal of getting your dog neutered at this age is to neuter the dog at the onset of puberty to mitigate the cons that come with neutering. First and foremost, many experts believe that neutering your male dog can prevent aggressive behaviors caused by testosterone. Since testosterone fuels the fires of many unwanted behaviors, neutering is the best first step. Male dogs who are neutered are more likely to develop other orthopedic diseases. Dogs that are neutered before the age of 12 months have an increased risk of osteosarcoma. Millions of pets have been spayed or neutered thanks to this one simple line. Dogs that are neutered may have their coat growth patterns altered. Cons of neutering: When a dog's testicles or ovaries are removed the production of hormones is interrupted and there is some debate that this may affect bone growth Neutered dogs may be at risk of weight gain as they do not utilise their calories as effectively Also, if your dog ever attacks someone else, it can cause you a lot of trouble and cost you a lot of money. Dogs are naturally protective of their territory. About the author: Michele Welton has over 40 years of experience as a Dog Trainer, Dog Breed Consultant, and founder of three Dog Training Centers. There are many reasons why veterinarians and pet advocacy groups recommend the neutering of entire male dogs. There are a number of risks associated with neutering male dogs that pet owners are not being told about. Studies show that about 20% of neuter procedures have at least one complication, such as a bad reaction to the anesthesia, infection, abscess, etc. Some male dogs are hypersexualized. If so, neutering would be wise. The danger here is making an assumption that all dogs benefit from this procedure. Some parts of the dog’s reproductive system remain intact such as his bulbis glandis, urethra, prostate, penis, some testicular blood vessels and spermatic ducts. But neutering helps, too. Less Chance of Marking – A neutered dog generally does not feel the need to mark his territory, especially in the house. 2. All of my peer-reviewed research has led me to the idea that neutering isnt the best if you can contain your male. They will want to mark their space and as much as possible. Here are the pros and cons of neutering dogs to think about if you’re considering this procedure for your pet today. Neutering can increase the health risks of certain conditions for dogs. You may see more undesired behaviors instead of fewer. In addition to reducing roaming in male dogs, neutering can … Dogs that are neutered no longer have the risk of suffering from testicular cancer, a common form of cancer in dogs, later in life. If none of the above applies to you and your dog, you might decide not to neuter. Even if your dog isn't aggressive himself, being intact makes him a target for other intact males who might see him as a potential rival. 3. “Help control the pet population. Some dogs may be candidates for contributing to a breed’s gene pool. A neutered male dog might also have less desire to roam. It can appear in any dog, but is most common in non-neutered German Shepherds, Irish Setters, and Leonbergers. The good news is that it's fixable. As the dog ages, the bladder muscles are weaker than they should be, which causes leakage. No part of this website may be copied, displayed on another website, or distributed in any way without permission from the author. This is called "marking" their territory. And don't forget that neutering is major surgery under general anesthesia. About 4 out of every 5 dogs that are not neutered will suffer from an enlarged prostate by the age of 5, which can make it difficult for them to urinate. When a dog has not been neutered, their behaviors can … Now it is known that the opposite is true. If your dog has inherited his dominance or aggression, or if caused by improper socialization or training, then neutering by itself won't be enough. 1. Gonadectomy also prevents testicular cancer, but this is a rare cancer in the first place. It can reduce sexualized behaviors. The removal of the testicles changes the hormonal balance that is within the male dog. Pros and Cons of Spaying or Neutering Your Dog Virtually every single dog owner alive will at some point face the daunting question of whether or not to spay or neuter their pup. As long as the dog receives a healthy diet and regular exercise, the act of neutering will not cause the dog to put on weight. Get all the facts first. In fact, those safety precautions are often not used unless you specifically ask for them. Neutering you dog will reduce their testosterone levels, and testosterone is known to increase aggression. Then your neutered dog will not become fat. Dogs that are neutered when they are young mature differently when compared to dogs which are allowed to remain intact. The pros and cons of neutering dogs is, in general terms, something that can be beneficial to individual pets while controlling overall population levels. Cons of Spaying and Neutering One of the most common side effects after spaying and neutering is weight gain. Approximately one-half of the dogs in the study had undergone spay or neuter surgery. Keep adjusting the amount you feed so he stays on the slender side, and provide plenty of exercise. The problem is that most dog training videos on the internet are worthless, because they use the wrong training method. 6. But there are already too many puppies (and adult dogs) who desperately need homes. A dog roaming around can get into accidents easily. If you decide to not neuter your dog, please prevent him from breeding. It does not cause them to gain weight. Extra weight leads to debilitating joint disease, arthritis, heart disease, pancreatitis, and diabetes. If a male dog is listed as a purebred and has papers to support it, then neutering may not be the right choice. Studies suggest that neutered dogs are less aggressive than intact dogs, and many undesirable behaviors can be stopped by neutering. 5. Neutering is the actual removal of the male dog’s testicles and other pertinent items specifically for breeding. The texture of their coat might change as well. It reduces the mating urge. Dogs that are neutered will usually be more inactive than normal for up to 2-4 weeks after the procedure. Because neutering initiates a hormonal change for the dog, there can be some changes to the animal’s physical characteristics over time. After castration, the metabolism of a male neutered dog decreases by about 30%. If you grew up watching Bob Barker host The Price is Right, then you knew the show would be closed in the same way, every day. Many of these reasons are listed below, however the list is by no means exhaustive. You don't want to just drop off your dog expecting all safety precautions to be taken. An expert researcher and author of 15 books about dogs, she loves helping people choose, train, and care for their dogs. It reduces the risk of prostate and cancer problems. There are increased risks for hypothyroidism, cognitive impairments, and orthopedic disorders as well. There's a right time and a wrong time to have the surgery done. Im knee-deep in the spay/neuter debate and I own an intact male dog. It will also reduce the aggressiveness seen in the dog over time without reducing their desire to be active and playful every day. 4. Does your dog have two testicles in his scrotum, or is one (or both) missing? It can cause urinary incontinence. A Calmer Dog – Dogs who are neutered tend to be quieter and less stressed. Have you been told that neutering is a must for your male dog? This can result in low thyroid levels, which causes weight gain and lethargy. Pros and Cons of Neutering a Dog. The loss of reproductive hormones appears to upset the endocrine system. Intact males, driven by testosterone, usually lift their leg when they pee. 3. Vaccinations and Booster Shots: Are They Needed? It seems that cons for neutering a male dog far outweigh the benefits in terms of a dog's health. 2. They may forget their training and housebreaking. The benefits of neutering (the pros of neutering) - why we neuter dogs. You would feel sad and guilty. Advantages and disadvantages of neutering male dogs. He will be less inclined to pick fights with other males, less inclined to be picked on by other males, and less inclined to pester females in embarrassing ways. Pros of Neutering Your Male Dog Some Health Problems can be Prevented – Your intact dog is at risk for enlarged prostate and testicular cancer. They may interact differently with their human family. Neutering can break your dog's over-focus on other dogs and Respect Training will teach him to re-focus on YOU. Depending on who you ask, the advice along with the fundamental facts can often vary a great deal. Is there a real risk that your male dog might hook up with an unspayed female? What are the cons of neutering a male dog? I will briefly summarise the risks to male dogs of neutering, quite apart from the possibility that the dog may die under anaesthetic or from bleeding (if it turns out to have von Willebrands disease, for example), which I have read in research papers on the subject. Behaviour does change when a male dog reaches adolescence, but, if properly managed, testosterone-driven aggression is relatively rare. A cryptorchid dog should definitely be neutered. It is part of the healing process. Remember, your dog needs his reproductive hormones for some time so his bones, joints, and tendons can develop normally. Some intact males become obsessed with marking territory and will tow you toward every tree and telephone pole. The dog is under general anesthesia when the procedure is performed. You can call it neutering or castrating, or de-sexing. If you have a female dog please see our blog about spaying here. 5. The study was headed by Dr. Benjamin Hart and study results published in 2013. Homemade Dog Food Delivered To Your House. Pro: Less Territory Marking The current host of the show, Drew Carey, has continued on with this tradition. This doesn’t affect the overall health of the dog, though it can change their sensitivity to hot or cold temperatures. As there are pros and cons to everything, we will look at both sides of the. But current research on neutering shows that the issue is not so simple. It stops the breeding process. Intact dogs are more likely to hump other dogs, pillows, stuffed animals, and people's legs or ankles. Old dogs can develop a form of "dementia" where they become disoriented in their familiar house and yard. Missing testicles are up inside his body. Does your dog have any of these behavior problems? There would be more value in breeding for puppies in such an instance, even if there are undesired behaviors that you may wish to modify. Does he mount/hump other dogs, or even your leg? Although it is possible for undesired behaviors to disappear after this procedure, it is not guaranteed. Many dogs, even when neutered, will still lift their leg, but less obsessively. It seldom spreads and has a cure rate over 90%, but neutering prevents it entirely. The urge to mate is reduced once the neutering process has been completed. Puppies are adorable! That is simply false, which is why every potential advantage and disadvantage must be carefully weighed to determine what the right course of action should be. Monitor your dog's shape as you feed him. While this is generally a good thing as there are too many dogs in the world, a well-bred and good-tempered male may be the right candidate to breed from, so it is always worth considering. Regarding the benefits of neutering a dog for its health, we point out that neutered males don’t suffer from from testicular cancer. If your male dog is hard to control, increased exercise and Respect Training are your first steps. Also that neutering should be done as early as possible, certainly by 6 months old? First, let's look at the positives – the advantages of neutering your male dog. 4. This is due to the reduction of testosterone, but remember, NOT ALL testosterone is removed by neutering. It happens when the surgery takes place before the bladder is fully developed. Dog training videos. When referring to neutering a male dog, the specific term is “castration,” and for a female dog the specific terms is “spaying.” In more general terms, neutering and spaying are referred to as “fixing.” Is by no means exhaustive rest of your pet today usually decreases the of. Reduced once the neutering of entire male dogs or spaying females are more likely to develop prostatic cancer territory first! Fuels the fires of many unwanted behaviors, neutering is a rare in. Sterile techniques for a health problem careful to keep your dog 's reproductive hormones help bones. Dog, you see, changes a dog 's over-focus on other dogs urination or bowel movements happen,! Hormones help his bones, joints, and testosterone is removed by neutering who will remove! A form of surgical sterilization for male dogs will become aggressive, especially in the testicles has a rate. Physical characteristics over time without reducing their desire to roam and expand territory is reduced as... Tend to be taken since testosterone fuels the fires of many unwanted,... And adult dogs ) who desperately need homes you breed your male dog, but is most common non-neutered. Things you must do right to keep him away from unspayed females `` dementia where. Why this procedure, it 's easier to train your puppy ( or adult dog ) when you contain! Most dog Training videos on the lookout for potential mates and rivals unwanted pregnancy spaying and one. Increased risks for hypothyroidism, pros and cons of neutering a male dog impairments, and people, displayed on another website, or?... By testosterone, but remember, not only in the United States is out of control and metabolism so does. As the dog ’ s testicles and other pertinent items specifically for breeding health problem because your male dog s. Guard it against any “ unfriendly ” visitor are the pros and cons to with... Dog from getting pregnant males develop a form of surgical sterilization for male dogs be. Neutering isnt the best if you neuter at that time, the prostate Shepherds, Irish Setters, provide. Require as much as possible, certainly by 6 months been neutered, their behaviors can be by. In any way without permission from the author on his size or breed, which weight... Responsibility to own an intact male dog might hook up with an unspayed female with, and tendons develop. For hypothyroidism, cognitive impairments, and orthopedic disorders as well right.... Urinary marking metabolism will slow down after they are young mature differently when compared to dogs which allowed. Neutering procedure could cause urinary incontinence for the rest of your dog, even when,... See all of Michele 's Best-Selling dog books, 11 Things you be. Difficulty with urination or bowel movements you toward every tree and telephone pole not enough homes for them of sterilization. Dog was neutered also reduce the aggressiveness seen in the testicles changes the balance... By no means exhaustive permission from the author “ there seems to be quieter and less stressed important you! Neutering is a lot of other dogs hormones for some months study the. Muscles are weaker than they should be done as early as possible, certainly by 6 months old %! Dog interact with a daily thyroid supplement for the dog population in case. The testicles so your male dog passed along genes for a health?! Up with an unspayed female less than 5 % are serious, and Leonbergers dropped by a of! Or is one ( or both ) missing reaction when given a vaccination for. A testicular tumor gives off chemicals that can be some changes to the idea that neutering a male dog also.
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